Just in time for Pentecost! The very popular Biblical Sabbath and Calendar book has now been expanded so much that it has been divided into two books!
The first book is “Personal Salvation,” but don’t be confused by that title; the book is about much more than repentance and baptism. This book includes studies in law and grace, the Covenants, the need for an ultimate moral authority, calling, belief, repentance, baptism and much more.
The second book ” Ecclesiastical Authority: God’s Sabbath and Biblical Calendar” is an in depth study into the duties and responsibilities of the priesthood/ministry and the parameters and limits of their ecclesiastical authority.
It includes studies on the Mosaic Priesthood of Aaron, Melchisedec, Jesus Christ and such matters as the Primacy of Peter, Binding and Loosing, the Keys and Door to eternal life, legitimate ministerial authority and the mark of the beast.
This book also studies the change of God’s Sabbath to Sunday by professing Christianity and the change from God’s Biblical Calendar to the modern Rabbinic Calendar by the Rabbins.
These two books and several others are available for downloading absolutely free, with no obligation at this link.
If desired print copies may be purchased for a minimal cost.
This Pentecost article will continue with our recent theme of “The True Gospel of Salvation” and will focus on Peter’s Pentecost sermon preserved in Acts 2.
The Awesome Feast of Pentecost is full of deep meaning:
- Representing the establishment of the Mosaic Covenant at Sinai so long ago, and
- The official establishment of the New Covenant after the Mosaic Covenant ended with the death of the Husband of Israel; which is what is happening in Acts 2 as people are called to sincere repentance and entry into the New Covenant of Jeremiah 31:31,
- Pentecost also pictures the pouring out of the Holy Spirit on a few as the seal of the New Covenant, and
- The pouring out of the Holy Spirit on all flesh (Joel 2:28), expanding the New Covenant to include all people then living, on a still future Pentecost at the establishment of the Kingdom of God over all the earth under Messiah the Christ,
- Pentecost also pictures the removal of Satan and a one thousand year rest for humanity from his evil influence.
On the Sabbath and High Holy Day of Pentecost I would encourage everyone to click this link to our Spring Festivals studies and visit the Wave Offering and the Pentecost articles for in depth studies on the subject of Pentecost itself.
Acts 2 goes directly to the Feast of Pentecost in 31 A.D. All of the disciples had been waiting from Christ’s ascension to heaven on the fortieth day after his resurrection, for ten so days; coming to the fiftieth day after Christ’s resurrection on Wave Offering Sunday; which is the Feast of Weeks called Pentecost.
The twelve and many hundreds of other disciples and tens of thousands of people that had been scattered abroad; came from across the known world to the Temple for Pentecost.
2:1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.
The Holy Spirit is poured out on the disciples of Christ as a demonstration of God’s approval before all the Jews as a partial demonstration of what would take place after the day of the Lord; when God’s Spirit will be poured out on ALL flesh (Joel 2:28).
or further study on the Holy Spirit please click this link to see our extensive studies on the Holy Spirit.
2:2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. 2:3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
2:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
Glossa: 2) a tongue a) the language or dialect used by a particular people distinct from that of other nations
2:5 And there were dwelling [staying for the Feast] at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven.
The tongues were the languages of men from the various nations, and not vain emotionally ecstatic babble.
2:6 Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language.
2:7 And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans? 2:8 And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born?
The disciples spoke by God’s power, languages not native to themselves.
2:9 Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, 2:10 Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes, 2:11 Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.
These people were astonished and groping for an answer as to how this could be.
2:12 And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, What meaneth this? 2:13 Others mocking said, These men are full of new wine.
Then Peter stands up and begins to preach
2:14 But Peter, standing up with the [the other 11 plus Peter meaning the whole 12 were present] eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them,
Peter’s sermon could well be an example of the sermons preached to people all over the earth as God’s Spirit is poured out on all flesh and the Kingdom of God is established by Jesus Christ and his bride on a near future Pentecost.
Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words: 2:15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour [9 am] of the day.
2:16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel; 2:17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
2:18 And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy: 2:19 And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke: 2:20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and notable day of the Lord come: 2:21 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
Let me ask: Was 31 A.D. the “last days”? Was God’s Spirit poured out on ALL flesh in 31 A.D.? Did the heavenly signs quoted by Peter take place in 31 A.D.? Was the day of the Lord in 31 A.D.?
NO! However Peter by quoting Joel, was inspired to reveal that the events of 31 A.D. were a precursor of the events to come on the future day of the Lord and immediately afterwards; when the people would repentantly welcome the coming of Christ with his saints, and God’s Spirit would be poured out on all flesh on a future day of Pentecost!
The Feast of Pentecost was the start of the Theocracy of physical Israel at Sinai: and IT WILL BE the beginning of the Theocracy of the Kingdom of God at Jerusalem!
The resurrection will come on the sixth day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread; to be followed by the marriage supper in heaven while the seven last plagues are poured out on the earth! To be capped off by the coming of Christ with his saints to rule the earth in righteousness, and then the pouring out of God’s Spirit on all flesh when the very day of Pentecost comes!
Brethren, Peter preached the true Gospel on that first century Feast of Pentecost, as it will be preached to all nations and peoples on a soon coming future Feast of Pentecost!!
2:22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know: 2:23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain: 2:24 Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.
2:25 For David speaketh concerning him, [a Davidic prophecy of Jesus Christ] I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved: 2:26 Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope: 2:27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. 2:28 Thou hast made known to me the ways of [eternal] life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance.
Peter speaks of the resurrection of Christ
2:29 Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.
2:30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; 2:31 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his [Christ’s] soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.
2:32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.
Peter proclaims that the things they had seen on that Pentecost were evidence of the Holy Spirit falling on the sincerely repentant through the death and resurrection of Christ.
2:33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. 2:34 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, 2:35 Until I make thy foes thy footstool.
2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made the same Jesus [Hebrew: Yeshua], whom ye have crucified, both Lord [Adonai (Lord), the title given to Messiah] and Christ [Messiah, Mashiach: the Anointed One].
The people were taken aback by the flames and signs, and by the preaching of Peter they were moved to repentance and asked what they should do. Even so when Christ comes with his chosen elect and with many signs and wonders, people will be humbled and greatly impressed and ask what they should do to be saved.
2:37 Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?
Did Peter say: “Don’t worry Christ will overlook your sins” as long as you attend some corporate group?
Or did he proclaim: Sincerely REPENT and sin no more?
The way to salvation is to believe the scriptures, repent and make a baptismal commitment to SIN NO MORE, and then the blood of Christ will be applied to you, blotting out sin and bringing the gift of forgiveness and the Holy Spirit!
For much more click this link to find the series on the Sovereignty of God.
2:38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
2:39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the LORD our God [God the Father] shall call.
This is only a condensed version of Peter’s sermon
2:40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward [a) perverse, wicked b) unfair, surly, forward (stubborn, self-willed)] generation.
2:41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.
On a soon coming future Pentecost these things will be expanded, as all nations repent and welcome the establishment of the millennial Kingdom of God; and God’s Spirit will be poured out upon all flesh so that even the wild animals are tamed (Isaiah 11).
2:42 And they [the disciples who remained at Jerusalem after Pentecost] continued stedfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.
2:43 And fear [reverence for God the Father and Jesus Christ] came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the [power of God in the] apostles.
The coming Kingdom of God is to begin on Pentecost in the very near future, Jesus and his chosen elect who have been resurrected to spirit will do mighty miracles and the whole earth will turn to live by every Word of God.
Revelation 20:1 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. 20:2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, 20:3 And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled:
For more on the removal of Satan for one thousand years click this link to our article on the subject.
Then the disciples believing that the end was close at hand, shared all that they had with one another: for the book of Revelation had not yet been given to John, and they thought the Kingdom was at hand.
Acts 2:44 And all that believed [in Jerusalem] were together, and had all things common; 2:45 And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need.
The disciples in Judea gathered to Jerusalem and the Temple, and with James the Lord’s brother, were UNITED IN ZEAL for LEARNING and KEEPING the Word of God!
2:46 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat [food] with gladness and singleness of heart, 2:47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.
Then as James died and Judea headed towards the Roman wars, the belief that the Kingdom was at hand reached a crescendo. Fleeing from Jerusalem and Judea to Pella, because of the warnings of Matthew 24 and the many other warnings, they would have been absolutely convinced that at the end of the siege of Jerusalem as it is written in Daniel: The Kingdom was at hand.
God the Father and Jesus Christ have TESTED and TESTED their called out in every generation; to judge their loyalty and fitness to become a part of the chosen collective bride of the Lamb of God.
Brethren, the apostles did NOT FAIL their TEST! Although doubtless many others did fail.
It was a huge TEST of loyalty and perseverance when the Kingdom of God did not come after the fall of Jerusalem in 70 A.D., and the first century apostasy began to creep into the fellowship, frustrating Paul and the other apostles and leaders.
It was about this time that the Book of Revelation was written and the apostles and leaders fled to Pella in c 66 A.D., as the siege of Jerusalem began; and the apostles canonized the New Testament scriptures at Pella.
Brethren, we are now at the end of the age and the tribulation is fast approaching, we are still being TESTED as to our LOYALTY to Christ, as opposed to any loyalty to false traditions and idols of men and organizations.
God’s called out will be TESTED many times and in many ways, to determine if their loyalty and faithfulness to Christ is absolute, uncompromising and unchanging!
Remember the kind of bride that Christ wants, and always seek him with all your hearts in passionate love for all that he is and does! which is to do God the Father’s will!
Run to him like a deer runs upon the mountains; cleave to him with your whole heart, allowing NO willful compromise or sin to defile us; allow NOTHING to separate us from our Beloved!
Would you chose to marry someone who loves another and follows them and not you? Neither will Jesus Christ accept anyone who prefers others to him!
Psalm 104 is a song that speaks of the great glory, wisdom, wonder, and might of the Mighty God of Creation. It is a Praise to the Sovereign Lord for his creation and providence.
The greatness of God
Psalm 104:1 Bless the LORD, O my soul. O LORD my God, thou art very great; thou art clothed with honour and majesty.
In appearance God is a brilliant light and his Word is the light which destroys darkness and ignorance. In his wisdom God created the physical universe and all that is in it.
104:2 Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain:
God created the earth and the divided the waters from the land; God is spirit and is not limited by the physical laws which he has made.
104:3 Who layeth the beams of his chambers in the waters: who maketh the clouds his chariot: who walketh upon the wings of the wind: 104:4 Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire: 104:5 Who laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be removed for ever. 104:6 Thou coveredst it with the deep as with a garment: the waters stood above the mountains.
When God commanded:
Genesis 1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.
Psalm 104:7 At thy rebuke they fled; at the voice of thy thunder they [the waters were gathered into their place and the dry land appeared] hasted away.
104:8 They go up by [moisture evaporates and it rains on the mountains, then the waters come down from the mountains into the valleys again] the mountains; they go down by the valleys unto the place which thou hast founded for them. 104:9 Thou hast set a bound that they [the seas and the waters] may not pass over; that they turn not again to cover the earth.
By his design God has provided fresh water for all to drink and live; which is an allegory of the water of the Word and Spirit of God which gives life eternal.
104:10 He sendeth the springs into the valleys, which run among the hills. 104:11 They give drink to every beast of the field: the wild asses quench their thirst. 104:12 By them shall the fowls of the heaven have their habitation, which sing among the branches. 104:13 He watereth the hills from his chambers: the earth is satisfied with the fruit of thy works.
God has designed and given every plant on the earth so that all creatures may eat and live; eating and drinking being an allegorical lesson that those who hunger and thirst to internalize the righteousness of every Word of God will live forever (Mat 5).
104:14 He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth;
Wine is a type of the blood of the Lamb of God poured out in his sacrificial death, which saves and sets apart the sincerely repentant unto godliness; the oil is a type of God’s Spirit which enables us to live by every Word of God, the Word of Life everlasting; Unleavened bread is representative of every Word of God the Bread of Life Eternal!
104:15 And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man’s heart.
Jesus tells us in John 15 that he is the tree and God’s faithful are the branches grafted into him, and if we remain in him we will be nourished by God and will bring forth much spiritual fruit and receive the gift of life everlasting
104:16 The trees of the LORD are full of sap; the cedars of Lebanon, which he hath planted; 104:17 Where the birds make their nests: as for the stork, the fir trees are her house.
God made the mountains and the hills for his purposes, and God designed animals to reside in every place.
104:18 The high hills are a refuge for the wild goats; and the rocks for the conies.
The light of the moon was set in motion to set the beginning of the months, and the sun measures out the days and years.
104:19 He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.
In the darkness the wild beast’s prowl, and in the daylight men work
104:20 Thou makest [the sun to go down] darkness, and it is night: wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep forth. 104:21 The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their meat from God. 104:22 The sun ariseth, they [the wild beasts] gather themselves together, and lay them down in their dens. 104:23 Man goeth forth unto his work and to his labour until the evening.
The great wisdom of God who made all the amazing things in the universe.
104:24 O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches.
All the creatures of the sea [and everywhere else] were designed and given their roles in life by God.
104:25 So is this great and wide sea, wherein are things creeping innumerable, both small and great beasts. 104:26 There [over the sea] go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom thou hast made to play therein.
God made them all and God sustains all his creatures.
104:27 These wait all upon thee; that thou mayest give them their meat in due season. 104:28 That thou givest them they gather: thou openest thine hand, they are filled with good.
All physical things are transitory and exist by the bounty of God
104:29 Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust. 104:30 Thou sendest forth thy spirit [power], they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.
God is spirit and exists from everlasting to everlasting; God will bring man to sincere repentance and God’s plan and will, will be fulfilled; and God shall rejoice to give eternal life to mankind.
104:31 The glory of the LORD shall endure for ever: the LORD shall rejoice in his works [because he gives eternal life to humanity, and our gratitude will be eternal].
God is Almighty and his purpose will be fulfilled
104:32 He looketh on the earth, and it trembleth: he toucheth the hills, and they smoke.
Let all that hath life rejoice in the glory of God and in his merciful gifts.
104:33 I will sing unto the LORD as long as I live: I will sing praise to my God while I have my being.
104:34 My meditation [thoughts] of him shall be sweet: I will be glad in the LORD.
All those who refuse to live by every Word of God will be eternally destroyed, but God’s faithful shall live forever with many good blessings.
104:35 Let the sinners be consumed out of the earth, and let the wicked be no more. Bless thou the LORD, O my soul. Praise ye the LORD.
Psalm 104 is an exuberant description of the wonders of the natural world which God has created!
The psalmist praises God because of the awesomeness, wonder and harmony of his Creation and worships God; without worshiping the creation itself!
The word “creation” indicates the concept of faith; faith that everything which exists came from the creative mind of God and that everything was made by his hands.
This psalm gives a vivid description to us of things that God made and that all of creation is a gift from God. The psalmist further describes how God provides for all that He has made, and sustains them with his goodness and by his power.
James 1:16 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.
Psalm 106:1 Praise ye the Lord. O give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever. 106:2 Who can utter the mighty acts of the Lord? who can shew forth all his praise? 106:3 Blessed are they that keep judgment, and he that doeth righteousness at all times. 106:4 Remember me, O Lord, with the favour that thou bearest unto thy people: O visit me with thy salvation; 106:5 That I may see the good of thy chosen, that I may rejoice in the gladness of thy nation, that I may glory with thine inheritance.
Do we thank our Heavenly Father every day for these precious gifts? Do we celebrate our lives as expressions of gratitude? Do we strive to “keep justice and do righteousness at all times?”
104:33-34 I will sing to the Lord as long as I live; I will sing praise to my God while I have my being. My meditation of him shall be sweet: I will be glad in the Lord.”
We will be praising our Great God throughout all eternity for the incredible things he has done. Our hearts will overflow for the mercy and great love that he has for us; for giving us His commandments, statues, ordinances, precepts and judgments to live by; and for the sacrifice of the Son opening the way of salvation.
We will be praising God for all eternity if we accept his offer and turn our wills and our lives over to him; we will not only praise God in this life for all that he has done, but we will sing of the wonders of God forever.
Isaiah 51 reminds us of the power of God and it too speaks of the wonders that God has performed and will yet perform in the future.
Isaiah:51:1 Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek the Lord: look unto the rock whence ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit whence ye are digged.
51:3 For the Lord shall comfort Zion: he will comfort all her waste places; and he will make her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of the Lord; joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice of melody.
51:6 Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished.
51:11 Therefore the redeemed of the Lord shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy shall be upon their head: they shall obtain gladness and joy; and sorrow and mourning shall flee away.
If we are faithful followers of God the Father and Jesus Christ and if we love righteousness, having faith and striving wholeheartedly with the help of the Holy Spirit to live by every Word of God; God will deliver us from this present evil world and will change us into spirit, bringing us into that true Promised Land of life everlasting with him.
Our God is far more powerful that anything that exists and his promises are sure and infallible.
1 Chronicles 29:11 Thine, O Lord is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in the heaven and in the earth is thine; thine is the kingdom, O Lord, and thou art exalted as head above all.
Paul encourages us to take heart and great comfort in the Greatness of God’s power to keep His promises.
Ephesians 1:19 And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, 1:20 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, 1:21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
Isaiah 45:7 I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil [calamity for correction]: I the Lord do all these things.
God is All-Powerful and will perform His Word!