Israel in Egypt
The account of the exodus begins with the final climax of affliction in the book of Exodus, which covers the history of Israel leaving Egypt and then the journey to Mount Sinai and their marriage to the God who later gave up his God-hood to be made flesh as Jesus Christ.
Of course God could have prevented all this distress and just moved Pharaoh to let Israel go, instead God himself hardened Pharaoh so that all these things could happen.
WHY? Because this was to be an instructional allegory about bondage to sin.
In this history, bondage in Egypt was a type of bondage and enslavement to the god of this world, Satan. This history is an allegory about a people being called out of bondage to sin in this world’s evil societies; while Canaan was an example and type of sin itself.
The exodus is an allegory about the great love of God for his called out bride, calling her out of bondage to the freedom of the righteousness of the whole Word of God.
It is about the fact that we cannot deliver ourselves an we can only delivered from the wages of our sins by the Passover sacrifice of the Lamb, the Son of God.
1 Corinthians 10:11 Now all these things happened unto them for examples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.
Exodus begins with Israel in Egypt and how they came to be in bondage, then the history of Moses, his education and preparation, and then God’s deliverance of Israel from bondage.
The names of the males of Jacob who entered Egypt; which, added to Jacob, Joseph and his two sons totaled 70 male persons.
Exodus 1:1 Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob. 1:2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 1:3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 1:4 Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. 1:5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls [males, plus their females]: for Joseph was in Egypt already. 1:6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.
Israel was fruitful and multiplied until the whole generation that had entered Goshen [renamed Ramses about 200 years later] passed on, after which a new ruler came to the throne and found the strength of Israel to be a problem that needed to be dealt with.
1:7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.
Pharaoh’s initial purpose was to drive Israel out of Egypt, for he was afraid of Israel.
1:8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph. 1:9 And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we: 1:10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.
Israel was then tasked with heavy burdens. This was like a special tax on Israel to be paid by their labor, instead of the money we are taxed with today.
1:11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure [fortified] cities, Pithom and Raamses.
Ramses: From this statement some conclude that the pharaoh of the Exodus was Ramses. Here the name Ramses is confusing because the Hebrews built vast storage facilities at Avaris which was renamed Ramses by Ramses I about 200 years later.
Later scripture copyists updated the name Avaris to Ramses in place of the older Goshen or Avaris, after Ramses 1 changed the name some 200 years later.
Because of the word “Ramses,” some have mistakenly concluded that the pharaoh Ramses I or II had built the city with Hebrew workers and misdated the exodus by about 200 years.
Wiki: Avaris (/ˈævərᵻs/; Egyptian, Budge notation: Hut-waret, Greek: Αὔαρις, Auaris was located at modern Tell el-Dab’a in the northeastern region of the Nile Delta [Goshen].
Avaris was built and occupied from about 1783: Jacob went to Egypt 1651 B.C. and later Israel was made to build up enormous storehouses for pharaoh at Avaris and Pithom.
Later the city was re-occupied by various pharaohs including the famous Seti and finally Ramses I (1292–1290 BC) renamed the city after himself.
This confusion has caused many to misdate the Exodus from its proper date of c 1441 B.C. to around 1221 B.C.
For a detailed study on the Exodus date and the prophecies of the Exodus see this article.
Israel continued to multiply and increase
1:12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew.
The Egyptians feared Israel and were vexed that Israel was growing greater than the Egyptians in their own land. Therefore they increased their exaction’s from Israel.
The families of Israel still had their homes in their villages and their pastures, flocks and herds but were required to pay a very heavy burden in the form of labor tax.
And they were grieved because of the children of Israel. 1:13 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour: 1:14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.
Then Pharaoh thought to limit the growth of Israel by killing their new born sons
1:15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah: 1:16 And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.
The midwives refused to obey the orders of the king, as we should also refuse to obey unlawful orders from our leaders.
That includes refusing the biblically unlawful instructions of those claiming to be leaders and elders in the Ekklesia, who want us to turn away from a zeal to live by every Word of God to serve them and their false teachings instead.
1:17 But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive.
The midwives give their defense to Pharaoh and GOD delivered them out of the hand of the king because they obeyed GOD and not the physical rulers.
1:18 And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, and have saved the men children alive? 1:19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them. 1:20 Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty.
God delivers those who love and obey him, more than they love men.
1:21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he made them houses.
God made the houses of the midwives (families) famous in Israel because they obeyed God and not the king. God will also make famous all people who chose to live by every Word of God, despite what any person may demand.
Aaron was born and three years later Moses was born after Pharaoh had then commanded that every son be cast into the river.
1:22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.
Then a descendant of Levi called Moses [Hebrew Moshe] was born and when he was three months old he was placed in a basket and cast into the Nile.
This is now specifically about Moses, his parents had married and Aaron [Hebrew Aharon] had been born three years before Moses.
Exodus 2:1 And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi. 2:2 And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months. 2:3 And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch [tar], and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river’s brink.
Notice that she placed him in the river as pharaoh had commanded, but not to drown as Pharaoh had intended.
Little Miriam was sent to watch the child for her parents
2:4 And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him.
The basket was seen by a daughter of Pharaoh [most probably Hatshupset] and brought to her.
2:5 And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river’s side; and when she saw the ark among the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it. 2:6 And when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrews’ children.
Miriam then approached Pharaoh’s daughter and suggested that a woman be brought to nurse the hungry child and Pharaoh’s daughter agreed to the suggestion because the hungry weeping child aroused her sympathies.
2:7 Then said his sister to Pharaoh’s daughter, Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee? 2:8 And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, Go. And the maid went and called the child’s mother.
The wonders of God for those who love and serve him! Moses’ own sister Miriam went and the child’s own mother was paid wages to raise the child!
2:9 And Pharaoh’s daughter said unto her, Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages. And the women took the child, and nursed it.
When the child was older his mother brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter and he was raised as her son, a prince of the Egyptians; and taught all the facets of human leadership in the court of Pharaoh.
The name Moses means “one drawn [called] out” and was an apt name, for Moses was to be called out by God.
2:10 And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses [drawn or called out]: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water.
Moses grows up in Egypt
When this Moses was fully learned in the education of the court of Pharaoh and had served Pharaoh to about forty years of age; he visited his brethren.
Now we begin to get into some really interesting Egyptian history.
This woman, pharaoh’s daughter, moved by a baby’s cries in 1521 B.C., was the daughter of the absolute monarch who would be a queen herself one day.
Hatshepsut (meaning Foremost of Noble Ladies) was the elder of two daughters born to Thutmose I and his queen, Ahmes.
The death of Thutmose I, is dated as around [circa] 1508 B.C.
After her father Thutmose I died, her half brother Thutmose II reigned as pharaoh c 1508 – 1504 B.C. Thutmose II married the lawful daughter of pharaoh, his half sister Hatshepsut, to legitimize his reign and she became his queen.
Then upon the untimely death of Thutmose II in 1504 B.C. she became regent and co-ruler of Egypt with her husband’s child by a concubine, Thutmose III
Thutmose II had had a son [Thutmose III] by a priestess of Amun-Ra, who was destined to become pharaoh of Egypt and the priests and priestesses of Amun-Ra did not miss the opportunity to train the future pharaoh as a priest of Amun-Ra.
A few words about the religion of Amun-Ra
Amon was “the secret one” visible as Ra the sun god and was often called Amun-Ra. Thutmose I exalted the worship of “the hidden one” [Lucifer, Satan] and his symbol of the sun in Egypt. Thutmose III wrote the Book of the Dead which is the Satanic Bible and the backbone of the occult and Lucifer/Satan worship including today’s Masonry, the Illuminati, Skull and Bones and many others.
Hatshepsut reigned as co-pharaoh while her husband’s son Thutmose III grew up in the temple of Amun, the secret god [Lucifer, Satan] whose manifestation was the sun god Ra; and when Thutmose III became a child pharaoh, Hatshepsut remained as co-ruler until her death c 1482 B.C., thereupon Thutmose III became sole pharaoh of Egypt.
The Memphis sources date Hatshepsut’s rule with Thutmose III as 1504 -1482.
In c 1521 B.C. pharaoh’s daughter Hatshepsut whose birth date is not recorded in any known source, found the infant Moses crying on the river Nile; long before she would be Queen of Egypt, and throughout her life her only son was the adopted Moses.
In scripture much water is often used as a symbol of the general mass of people and this beginning for Moses was an allegory from God that Moses had been “Called Out” from among the people to lead Israel out of Egypt.
Moses was nursed and certainly taught by his true mother and must have been aware of the prophecy to Abraham that God would call Israel out of Egypt at a certain time. Moses was also beloved of his adoptive mother Hatshepsut, and given the best education that a potential future pharaoh of Egypt could be given.
Acts 7:20 In which time Moses was born, and was exceeding fair, and nourished up in his father’s house three months: 7:21 And when he was cast out, Pharaoh’s daughter took him up, and nourished him for her own son. 7:22 And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds.
Remember that Hatshepsut took Moses for her own son in c 1521 B.C. and did not herself begin to reign until at least 1508 B.C. [with Thutmose II] and then she reigned as regent for Thutmose III from 1504 B.C. when Moses was about 20 years old.
Conventional Dates of the death of Thutmose III very from 1450 to 1426 B.C. but we know from biblical chronology that he died in c 1441 B.C.
All the dates for the Eighteenth Dynasty are open to dispute because of uncertainty about the circumstances surrounding the recording of a Heliacal Rise of Sothis in the reign of Amenhotep I.
A papyrus from Amenhotep I’s reign records this astronomical observation which, theoretically, could be used to correlate the Egyptian chronology with the modern calendar; however, to do this the latitude where the observation was taken must also be known.
This document has no note of the place of observation, but it is ASSUMED that it was taken in either a Delta city such as Memphis or Heliopolis, or in Thebes. These two latitudes give dates twenty years apart, the High and Low chronologies, respectively.
This observation could very easily have been in another location and these assumed possible dates could easily be off by several years. These historical chronologies are competing assumptions and the biblical chronology is about midway between the two assumptions I chose to go with the biblical chronology of the exodus and death of Thutmose III in 1441 B.C.
For the first 22 years c 1504 – 1482 B.C. Hatshepsut ruled as the regent co-ruler with the child Thutmose III who became full pharaoh in 1482 after the death of Hatshepsut.
At the age of 40 or about c 1481 B.C. [just as Thutmose III was beginning to assert himself] Moses fled Egypt having taken the decision to serve God rather than the gods of Egypt.
Consider the dynamic of this relationship
Hatshepsut took Moses for her own son in c 1521 B.C. and Moses was raised in all the wisdom of Egypt. That wisdom would have included their religion and Moses would have been raised by the Egyptians to worship Amun-Ra!
Yet God was working with Moses and opened his mind to spiritual things and Moses who could have been pharaoh rejected Amun-Ra for the Eternal and left his adoptive mother of 40 years Queen Hatshepsut, for his birth mother and for his birth people!
Meanwhile Thutmose III, who could easily have been twenty years younger than Moses, was also raised in all the wisdom of Egypt and its religion of Amun-Ra.