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108: Passover Details, Sacraments and Bread Recipe

The Egyptian Passover rightly begins with the entry into Egypt of Jacob and his extended family.

Genesis 46:26 All the souls that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob’s sons’ wives, all the souls were threescore and six;

Including Jacob himself, Joseph and Joseph’s two sons, the number of Jacob’s family in Egypt totaled 70 persons.

46:27 And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten.

As the sun set at the end of the Egyptian Passover day, ending the 14th day of the first month, Israel marched out of Egypt on the Night to be Much Observed beginning the 15th day of the first month and the first High Holy Day of the Feast of Unleavened bread.

Exodus 12:40 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. 12:41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

Let us continue with the Passover before coming to the Feast of Unleavened Bread and the exodus itself.

The book of Exodus contains the history of the calling of Moses, and the plagues on Egypt, and then we come to the Egyptian Passover in Exodus 12.

Exodus 12:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying, 12:2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

The Biblical Calendar is explained in Volume 1 of this series

12:3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:

The lamb was to spend three and one half days with the family, from the tenth day to the end of the 13th day at sunset which was the beginning of the 14th day. This is an allegory of the three and one half year ministry of the Lamb of God with Israel.

12:4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.

The lamb may be either from the sheep or a kid of the goats. It shall be without any blemish, thereby picturing the perfect sinlessness of Christ.

12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year [in its first year]: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: 12:6 And ye shall keep it up until [the beginning of the 14th day, i.e. after the end of the 13th day] the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

The blood being placed on the doorposts; pictures the application of the atoning blood of Christ on the doorposts of the hearts of the sincerely repentant.

12:7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.

The eating of the lamb pictures the internalizing of the Lamb of God and his dwelling in his people through the Holy Spirit. Eating the lamb pictures the hungering of the faithful for the whole Word of God.

12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

The Unleavened Bread pictures Messiah the Christ as the Bread of Life; the LOGOS or WORD of God. The bitter herbs symbolize the persecutions and trials that the faithful will endure along with their Lord. Wine is not mentioned here, but we are later told that sacrifices must be accompanied by the wine of the drink offering, picturing the pouring out of the blood of Messiah the Christ, the Lamb of God.

12:9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. 12:10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.

The Egyptian Passover lamb must be entirely consumed by the morning; lest it become polluted in the activities of the day as they make ready to flee out of Egypt. The meal was to be eaten in haste and at the ready to leave Egypt.

12:11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD’s passover.

The lamb was killed at the sunset beginning the fourteenth day of the first month, and the blood placed on the doorposts, so that at midnight on the fourteenth day the destroyer could pass through Egypt and kill the first born while passing over the homes with the blood of their door posts.

This picturing, that in the last judgment those who have sincerely repented committing to: Go and sin no more; and have had the atoning blood of Christ applied to them, will be passed over when the wicked are judged.

12:12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.

12:13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

God’s people are commanded to keep the Passover forever; it is an ordinance of God.

12:14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

Jesus Christ kept the Passover Service and because he knew that the temple would be destroyed and lambs could no longer be sacrificed before God, he explained the meaning of the unleavened bread of the Passover Service, which he commanded his disciples to take on every future Passover.

When is the Passover?

Details of the Biblical Calendar and when to start months and the new year will be found in Volume 1 of the Biblical Festivals series “The Biblical Sabbath and Calendar”.

The destroyer went through Egypt at MIDNIGHT on the fourteenth day of the first month and in the morning Israel was told to GET OUT. They then gathered together at Ramses from all their villages, and left from Ramses just after the sun had set ending the fourteenth day of the first month [Biblical days end and a new day begins at sunset see Genesis 1] and the fifteenth day began.

Leviticus 23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD’s passover. We know that an evening and a morning constitute a day,

Therefore we know that the Passover begins at sunset ending the 13th day of the first month and ends at sunset on the 14th day, because the evening begins and ends every day. This is basic and should be clear to anyone.

Passover starts as the evening of the 13th ends with the setting sun and the destroyer went through the land at MIDNIGHT. 

The Feast of Unleavened Bread starts the NEXT evening.

Exodus 12:6 refers to Passover and Exodus 12:18 refers to the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The difference being made clear by Leviticus 23:5-6 and Exodus 12.

Further, Passover is on the 14th day (Nu 28:16). Israel left Egypt after the sun had set ending the 14th on the fifteenth day which was the day AFTER the Passover (Num 33:3). Passover is the 14th day (Num 9:5).

Any study of these events will show that the Passover was killed at the beginning of the fourteenth day of the first month so that the blood could be on the doorposts before midnight.

The destroyer went through at midnight and the Egyptians pressed hard for Israel to leave the land in the early hours of the morning.

Israel then gathered from their villages to Moses at Ramses and went out from Goshen when the sun set ending the 14th and beginning the 15th day.

Passover is the 14th day and is to be observed ON the 14th day picturing the destroyer passing over those who had the blood on their doorposts by MIDNIGHT [which was close to the sunset beginning of the 14th day] on the 14th day

The night ENDING 14th day Passover and beginning the 15th day is not the Passover but begins the Feast of Unleavened Bread and is to be observed in memory of Israel actually marching out of Egypt.

The issue of the Passover date, comes later when the command is given to kill the Passover ONLY in the place that God places his name; his dwelling place [the Tabernacle or the Temple].

Deuteronomy 16:5 Thou mayest not sacrifice the passover within any of thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee: 16:6 But at the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the  passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt.

This command means that all persons had to take their lambs to the Tabernacle and later the Temple, to kill them there. That requires a change in the command given in Egypt, for now thousands and later hundreds of thousands of lambs needed to be killed and prepared at one place and the process lasted into the daylight portion of the 14th day.

In fact the circumstances had changed from those in Egypt.

In Egypt the lamb had to be killed and the blood put on the door posts BEFORE midnight and the people could not go out during the night at all. Why? Because the destroyer would go through the land at midnight, and kill the first born not covered by the blood.

Exodus 12:29 And it came to pass, that at MIDNIGHT the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.

Here we see that the first born were killed at midnight on the Passover day, which started at sunset ending the 13th day.

Since the 14th day began at sunset ending the 13th day, then MIDNIGHT on the fourteenth would be a few hours AFTER sunset ending the 13th day.

It should be obvious, that if the blood were put on the posts at the end of the 14th day, which would be AFTER midnight on the 14th; that Israel would NOT be covered by the blood when the destroyer came through at midnight on the 14th day.

Therefore the first Passover started after the end of the 13th day of the first month and at the beginning of the 14th day; with the killing of the lamb and the placing of that blood with a hyssop branch on the door posts BEFORE MIDNIGHT on the 14th.

Exodus 2:22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop [a plant used for cleansing purposes], and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.

This was done at the early part of the 14th; BEFORE MIDNIGHT on the 14th day of the first month.

 

Defining “Evening”

Exodus 12:6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

It is therefore important to define the word “evening” to determine at what time the Passover lambs and goats were to be killed on that first Passover.

We find that the word “evening” is used in Genesis 1 to define each day as an “evening” and a “morning”.

The word “ereb” means: 1) evening, night, sunset a) evening, sunset b) night according to Strong’s. This is the identical word used in Ex 12:6: Strong’s 6153.

Since that term seems rather vague, let us look further in scripture for more information.

Joshua 8:29 uses sun down and evening as meaning the same thing, and again this is the same word as in Exodus 12:6.  Joshua 8:29 And the king of Ai he hanged on a tree until eventide: and as soon as the sun was down, Joshua commanded that they should take his carcase down from the tree,

Therefore it is clear that “evening” is a reference to sunset ending one day and beginning the next, as used in Genesis 1 and Exodus 12:6. The Passover lamb or goat was to be slain at sunset, and since the blood had to be on the door posts by midnight on the 14th; the animals were killed at the beginning of the 14th!

Indeed the law teaches us the same thing, for the unclean shall not become clean UNTIL the sun is set, Leviticus 22:7 And when the sun is down, he shall be clean, and shall afterward eat of the holy things; because it is his food.

Since the unclean, becomes clean when the sun has set; clearly the setting of the sun ends the day.

Deuteronomy 23:11 But it shall be, when evening cometh on, he shall wash himself with water: and when the sun is down, he shall come into the camp again.

Deuteronomy 24:15 At his [set time] day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it;

Clearly sunset is the end of a day and the beginning of a new day: the Evening of Genesis 1, and Exodus 12:6 refer to sunset, and not to some vague ephemeral timing.

 

Between the Evenings

Some will comment that the term used in Exodus 12:6 is:

“beyn” H996 “between” the “`ereb” H6153 “evening”

“ben ha arbayim”, “between the two evenings,” means between sunset and dark; or between dusk and dark; or between the time the sun sets and full dark. These are all from modern apostate ideas presented in an attempt to obscure the fact that Passover begins at the end of the 13th day, by claiming it begins at the end of the 14th day; in order to obscure the fact that Christ died on Passover day.

The term “ben ha arbayim,” “between the two evenings;” actually means exactly what it says; between the sunset and full dark at the beginning of the 14th day. It was essential to kill the lambs at the beginning of the 14th in order to place the blood on the door posts before midnight on the 14th!

The Samaritans, Karaites [Scribes], and Sadducees [Priests], always taught that the term “between the evenings” was the time between sunset and full darkness when the stars could easily be seen. (Interpreter’s Bible, Ex.12:6; also The Jewish Encyclopedia, art. Passover, page 553).

The Mosaic Pharisees also taught that the term “Between the evenings” meant between sunset and full dark; in other words twilight or dusk. While the later Hellenized Rabbins who took over after the destruction of the temple and wrote the Talmud, taught that the term “Between the evenings” meant any time from noon to darkness.

The point of this confusion, is that BOTH of these groups were called Pharisees; which is why I use Mosaic and Hellenic prefixes to separate the identification of the two groups.

In fact, during the days of Christ and before that time; the term “between the evenings” had always meant between sunset and full dark, and this was changed only hundreds of years later by the Hellenic Rabbins of today.

Moses uses the term “Between the evenings” in reference to the Daily Evening Sacrifice and to the Passover, which seems to have confused many.

 

History

Historically During the period up until after the destruction of the temple by the Romans in the first century; temple activities were carried out by the priesthood of Aaron, called in the Gospels the Sadducees, the Scribes copied and preserved the scriptures, and the Mosaic Pharisees acted as the religious think tank of the day.

During the Roman wars the temple was destroyed and the priesthood went into obscurity not having a temple in which to conduct their ritual and the Mosaic Pharisees were destroyed leaving the way open for the Hellenized Pharisees of the Diaspora to take over the religion of the Jews.

The scribes were largely scattered and came into conflict with the Hellenized Rabbins who made false claims that they had authority equal to God’s Word; claims that the scribes rejected. The Rabbins then called the Scribes “Karaites” [Lovers of the scriptures above loving the supposed authority of the Rabbins]. Just like many today love the supposed authority of the elders above the authority of the Word of God.

The Hellenized Rabbins claimed to have equal or superior authority to the scripture and wrote the Talmud which has two components. The first part is the Mishnaic 200 A.D. a written compendium of Rabbinic Judaism’s reasoning’s.

Torah in its broadest sense meaning “Instruction or Teaching” in Hebrew; and therefore the word Torah means all that a modern Jew holds sacred; including the scriptures, and the reasoning’s of the Rabbins, while the Word Tanakh refers to the scriptures.

Just like many “Christians” hold the teachings of their church as more important than the actual scriptures, so does modern Rabbinism!

God told Moses that nothing was to be removed or added to the written law; therefore there is no such thing as an Oral Law. This was merely claimed, so that the Hellenic Rabbins could appear authoritative when they changed the meaning of scripture through their own reasoning’s. The second part of the Talmud is the Gemara c. 500 A.D., which is now reasoning’s about the reasoning’s of the Mishnah and related writings.

It was well into the second century that the Talmud began to be written and these Hellenized Rabbins changed much of scriptural meaning to fit their own agenda. They changed the dating of Pentecost, they turned away from the Biblical calendar and they changed the Passover from the beginning to the end of the 14th day.

These things had nothing to do with what was done in the Temple and were deliberate deceptions to prevent the people from following Yeshua as Messiah; as the disciples used these truths as proofs of his Messiah-ship.

The Samaritans, Karaites, and Sadducees, taught that the term “between the evenings” was the time between sunset and full darkness when the stars could easily be seen. (Interpreter’s Bible (Ex.12:6); also The Jewish Encyclopedia, art. Passover, page 553).

The Mosaic Pharisees also taught that the term “Between the evenings” meant between sunset and full dark; in other words twilight or dusk. While the later Hellenized Rabbins who took over after the destruction of the temple and wrote the Talmud, taught that the term “Between the evenings” meant any time from noon to darkness.

The point of this confusion, is that BOTH of these groups were called Pharisees; which is why I use Mosaic and Hellenic prefixes to separate the identification of the two groups.

In fact during the days of Christ and before that time; the term “Between the evenings” had always meant between sunset and full dark, and this was changed only later by the apostate Hellenic Rabbins.

Therefore it is absolutely wrong to say that Jesus died as the killing of the Passover lambs began!

In fact the killing of the Passover lambs began at sunset beginning the 14th day, and then continued for the tens of thousands of sacrifices until the killing was completed. And Jesus would have sent his disciples to have their lamb killed for the coming Passover meal right at sunset beginning the 14th because he had a deep desire to eat the Passover with his disciples.

The modern Hellenic Rabbins used this killing through the 14th to change the beginning of the sacrifices until late on the 14th, in order to try and defeat Christ as being killed on Passover, by moving Passover to the beginning of the 15th day! They managed to accomplish this because most of the people with sharp memories of the temple services had been killed in the Roman wars.

Today there are two differing definitions attached to ben ha arbayim. The modern Hellenic Talmudic Pharisees, in accordance with their man-made Talmudic adherence, defined ben ha arbayim as any time from afternoon to sunset.

Conversely, the Sadducees, Karaites, and Samaritans, in accordance with the Biblical Torah (law), have continued to interpret “ben ha arbayim” from Moses to the present as being the time from sunset to complete darkness.

Exodus 12:6 And you shall keep it [the Passover sacrifice] up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening (literally, “between the evenings.”). The Pharisees interpreted this as meaning between midafternoon, when the sun’s heat abated, and sunset, whereas the Sadducees [priests, Boethusians] took it to mean between sunset and dark” (Interpreter’s One Volume Commentary, note at Ex. 12:6).

Another authority says, “In the evening. Hebrew, between the evenings. From very early days opinions have differed as to the exact time of the sacrifice. The Sadducees [priests]  and the Karaites [scribes] understood it as the time between sunset and complete darkness. The Hellenic Pharisees held to the explanation that it was from the beginning of lengthening shadows to sunset, approximately 3:00 to 5:00 p.m., and with this the Talmud agrees”  but not the scriptures. (Wycliffe Bible Commentary, note at Ex. 12:6).

And yet another source explains, “Between the evenings – Different opinions have prevailed among the Jews from a very early date as to the precise time intended. Aben Ezra agrees with the Caraites and Samaritans in taking the first evening to be the time when the sun sinks below the horizon, and the second the time of total darkness; in which case, ‘between the evenings’.  

According to the rabbinic idea, the time when the sun began to descend, viz. From 3 to 5 o’clock, was the first evening, and sunset the second; so that ‘between the evenings’ was from 3 to 6 o’clock. Modern expositors have very properly decided in favor of the view held by Aben Ezra and the custom adopted by the Caraites and Samaritans” (Commentary on the Old Testament, The Second Book of Moses).

It should be noted that the Pharisees, the political-religious leaders during the time of the Messiah, based their understanding only on the TANAKH [scriptures], while the Talmud of the modern Rabbinic Pharisees was written beginning about the 3rd century A.D. and completed hundreds of years later making up their own Rabbinical teachings which are found in the Talmud.

On the other side, the Sadducess [priests who controlled the temple worship] and Karaites [scribes] used only the TANAKH [holy scriptures] to establish their beliefs.

Why is this important? Because we know that Yeshua [Jesus]  kept the Passover not on the day that was reckoned by the Pharisees hundreds of year later, the 15th day, but on the day established by scripture [the 14th day] which was followed by the Sadducees [the priests of Aaron who controlled the temple service], who were in charge of the Temple.

Because Christ kept the Passover on the beginning of the 14th of Abib as did the Sadducees [priests of Aaron], then He kept the Passover memorial at the beginning of the 14th day. That could only have occurred at the start of the 14th to meet the requirement that the entire Passover be observed on the 14th (Num. 28:16).

 

The Scriptures

The phrase “between the evenings” is from the Hebrew ben ha arbayim.

The term “Between the Evenings” as used by Moses in reference to Passover.

Exodus 12:6 reads, “And you shall keep it [the Passover sacrifice] up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening” (literally, “between the evenings.”).

The term “Between the Evenings” as used by Moses in reference to the Daily Evening Sacrifice.

Exodus 29:38 Now this is that which thou shalt offer upon the altar; two lambs of the first year day by day continually. 29:39 The one lamb thou shalt offer in the morning; and the other lamb thou shalt offer at even <6153> (between the evenings):

Exodus 29:41 And the other lamb thou shalt offer at even <6153> (between the evenings), and shalt do thereto according to the meat offering of the morning, and according to the drink offering thereof, for a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

Numbers 28:3 And thou shalt say unto them, This is the offering made by fire which ye shall offer unto the LORD; two lambs of the first year without spot day by day, for a continual burnt offering. 28:4 The one lamb shalt thou offer in the morning, and the other lamb shalt thou offer at even <6153> (between the evenings);

Numbers 28:8 And the other lamb shalt thou offer at even <6153> (between the evenings): as the meat offering of the morning, and as the drink offering thereof, thou shalt offer it, a sacrifice made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

The time of the EVENING sacrifice WAS FIXED BY THE LAW (Numbers 28: 4,8) as “between the evenings” that is, between sunset and full darkness when the stars could easily be seen.

Psalms 92:1 It is a good thing to give thanks unto the Lord, and to sing praises unto thy name, O Most High: 92:2 To shew forth thy lovingkindness in the morning, and thy faithfulness every night [referencing the daily Sacrifice], 92:3 Upon an instrument of ten strings, and upon the psaltery; upon the harp with a solemn sound.

Psalm. 134:1 Behold, bless ye the Lord, all ye servants of the Lord, which by night stand in the house of the Lord. [referencing the daily evening Sacrifice] 134:2 Lift up your hands in the sanctuary, and bless the Lord. 134:3 The Lord that made heaven and earth bless thee out of Zion.

Levites were appointed to assist at the evening sacrifice at the NIGHT service (1 Ch. 9:33; 23:30).

The modern Hellenic Pharisees after the writing of the Talmud taught that “between the two evenings” was from anytime noon until full dark.

The Samaritans, Karaites [scribes], and Sadducees [temple priests], all always taught that the “between the evenings” time as AFTER sunset and BEFORE darkness (Interpreter’s Bible (Ex 12:6); also The Jewish Encyclopedia, art. Passover, page 553).

Let the Bible Interpret the Bible.

We find at the beginning of Genesis, the day defined no less than seven times; as the evening and the morning, referring to the day beginning at sunset and the daylight beginning at sunrise.

Our days begin at sunset and our evenings begin at sunset. No one begins the Sabbath at noon or 3 in the afternoon!

 

The Passover After Egypt

In subsequent years putting blood on the door posts before midnight was no longer an issue because the destroyer was no longer coming through the land.

At the last Passover of Christ, we note that Jesus was keeping the Passover (Mat 26:17-18-19).

1. He did eat the Passover meal after the end of the 13th and soon after the beginning of the 14th day

2. He did go out during that night, no longer being in Egypt (Mat 26:36)

2. He was not killed until 3 PM [the ninth hour] on the afternoon of the 14th (Mark 15:3).

4. Christ was killed about three hours BEFORE sunset ending the 14th, NOT AFTER the sunset ending the 14th.

Therefore if Passover is on the first day of Unleavened Bread; that is, the beginning of the 15th: Christ is NOT Messiah and is NOT our Passover Lamb, which was the intent of the Rabbins to obscure in making this change from the law!

When the event of the midnight destroyer which required the blood to be put on the door posts and required the people to remain inside all night had been fulfilled in Egypt, those specific instructions were no longer binding, being no longer relevant.

Over time as the command to sacrifice the lambs at the Temple resulted in hundreds of thousands of lambs being killed on the same day; the time and space constraints forced the killing to begin at sunset on the 14th day and continue through the night and much of the daylight portion of the 14th to be sure that all the lambs were killed on the 14th day which was and is the Passover day.

That led to the people eating the Passover at different times during the 14th, though: but STILL ON THE 14TH day.

It was only later that a Rabbinic drift began to move Passover to be after the end of the 14th day and actually ON the 15th day; in direct opposition to scripture.

The fact that Christ kept the Passover at the beginning of the 14th justifies that time for observing Passover, and the very fact that he died as our Passover on the afternoon of the 14th, justifies keeping the Passover at any time on the 14th!

The Passover can now be kept at anytime on the 14th day of the first month now that there is no need to kill the lamb’s BEFORE MIDNIGHT of the 14th.

 

What are we to do?

Today, because we do NOT need to wait for lambs to be sacrificed, we should take Passover at the same time that Israel observed it in Egypt, and that Jesus Christ observed it!

And note that he HAD to observe Passover BEFORE he was taken tried and killed, just as the lambs needed to be killed BEFORE MIDNIGHT at the beginning of the 14th day on that FIRST Passover.

Therefore Christ took Passover at the beginning of the 14th, just like the first Passover lambs were killed at the beginning of the 14; out of practical necessity.

Later after the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple; the Mosaic Pharisees went into decline and the Hellenized Rabbins sought to place the sacrifice at the start of the 15th, blending Passover with the Feast of Unleavened Bread High Day; to discredit the preaching of the Messiah-ship of Jesus Christ by the scattered saints.

The Only Sign: Three Days and Three Nights

Jesus died at about 3 in the afternoon on Passover day Wednesday 31 A.D. and the disciples were urgent to place him in the grave so they could rush home, wash and prepare for the High Holy Day of the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread; because God had commanded that no work of any kind should be done on weekly Sabbaths or annual Holy Days.

They then rested on that Thursday annual High Day and on Friday went to market to buy spices for the body and those things needed for the weekly Sabbath. They rested on God’s commanded Friday sunset to Saturday sunset Sabbath and then very early Sunday morning they came to the grave with the spices to find that Jesus HAD ALREADY risen.

Jesus spent Wednesday night in the grave, and then Thursday day time and night, he then spent Friday day time and night and then Saturday day time until sunset.

Wednesday, Thursday and Friday nights are three full nights. Thursday Friday and Saturday day times are three full periods of daylight. Together the periods of daylight and the darkness of nights add up to three full nights and three full days; fulfilling the sign that Jesus gave of his messiah-ship.

Matthew 12:38 Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee.

12:39 But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: 12:40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

Jesus was crucified on Passover day fulfilling the instructional allegory of the Egyptian Passover. He was buried that Wednesday afternoon and remained in the grave for three full nights and three full days fulfilling the prophecy of Christ and the sign of Jonah.

In the Wave Offering section we will see that Jesus was resurrected right at sunset ending Saturday and beginning Sunday, at the very moment that the Wave Sheaf was cut from the earth.

He then rose up to heaven to be accepted by God the Father for us Sunday morning, before returning to the earth; just as the high priest lifted up and waved the unleavened bread made from the sheaf he had cut the evening before, to be accepted by God the Father as a prophetic symbol of accepting the resurrected Lamb of God the Bread of Life.

To deny any one of these proofs of the Messiah-ship of Jesus Christ [Hebrew: Yeshua] is to reject the Messiah-ship and sacrifice of Christ.

We know that Jesus died at about three in the afternoon on Passover, Wednesday 25 April 31 A.D.; and that he was buried before sunset so that the buriers could return home, wash and prepare for the High Day. 

We also know that Jesus said that he would be in the grave for three full days and three full nights. 

Have we made an assumption and jumped to a conclusion in translating the three days and nights into 72 hours?  by saying that he would be resurrected at the same time that he was buried?  

If he was buried at say six PM on Wednesday, then he would be resurrected at six PM on Saturday by the 72 hour method. 

But by the three literal days and nights method, his first night in the grave would begin at sunset ending Wednesday, and the third night would end at sunset ending Friday; with the days starting Thursday morning and ending at sunset on Saturday; with the resurrection immediately at the sunset of Saturday evening!

Three days and three nights means not simply an assumed 72 hours,  but three literal nights and three literal days!   Someone may say that this hour or two is nitpicking, but it does enhance our understanding. 

The first night began at sunset after he was buried, then the following periods of light and darkness ended just as the sun set on the weekly Sabbath; and Sunday began, to give three complete nights and three complete days. 

The Sacraments

Today most professing Christians take the sacraments of unleavened bread and wine, getting this ceremony from what they call The Lord’s Supper.

Some take these sacraments every time they attend church services like the Roman Catholics and their Eucharist, others do this on special occasions or once a month, while a very few knowing that The Lord’s Supper is a term used to distract people from the fact that this was the last annual Passover service of Jesus Christ in the flesh, do this annually on Passover day.

This chapter is about the sacraments, what they are, their meaning and when and how often to take them.

The Lord’s Supper sacraments come from the annual Passover service as presented by Jesus Christ on his last Passover service in the flesh.

The Lord’s Supper was the Annual Passover

Matthew 26:18 And he said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples.

Luke 22:8 And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat.

Luke 22:15 And he said unto them, With [a deep] desire I have desired [longed] to eat this passover with you before I suffer:

From the Passover in Egypt to this last Passover of Christ the Passover was commanded by God to be killed and eaten immediately after sunset at the very BEGINNING of the 14th day of the first month of the Biblical Year. This was proved in the previous “When is the Passover?” chapter.

The Lord’s Supper was the annual commanded Passover observance and the Sacraments are to be taken annually on the Passover as Almighty God has commanded.

The scriptural word “Passover” was replaced by the words “Lord’s Supper” in common usage, to conceal the fact that the Christian sacraments were to be taken annually on the annual Biblical Passover.

The Passover Sacraments

Up until this last Passover service of Christ, there had been four sacraments, ALL of them prefiguring the sacrifice of Jesus Christ the Lamb of God.

Exodus 12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

The Passover Lamb

The first sacrament in Egypt was the killing, eating and the placing of the blood of the Passover lamb on the door posts of the people.

This placed the people in a physical relationship with God and saved their first born from destruction and opened the way for the called out of Egypt to enter into the Mosaic Covenant at Sinai. Which Mosaic Covenant was a physical Covenant with physical promises.

The physical Passover lamb in Egypt and the Mosaic Sinai Covenant were an allegory of a New Spiritual Covenant promised by God in Jeremiah 31:31. As the physical Mosaic Covenant required the sacrifice of a physical Passover lamb, the New Spiritual Covenant containing a promise of the Holy Spirit and eternal life required the spiritual sacrifice of a spiritual Lamb, the very Creator the Lamb of God.

This spiritual sacrifice must be killed to atone for the sincerely repentant sinner and the blood of the Redeemer placed on the door posts of the heart to save the supplicant from bondage to sin and then the Holy Spirit will be given to lead the repentant out of that bondage to sin, of which bondage in Egypt was a type.

The eating of the physical lamb in Egypt symbolized the eating [internalizing] of the Word of God, so that we might take upon ourselves the nature of God as defined by the Word of God; becoming ONE with God the Father through the indwelling of our Redeemer by the Holy Spirit of God.

As the physical Passover lamb redeemed and saved the first born under its sacrificial blood in Egypt; so the blood of the Creator, the spiritual Passover Lamb, redeems and saves the first born [first fruits] of the promised Spiritual New Covenant of Jeremiah 31:31.

In a yet future time the application of the Spiritual New Covenant blood of the spiritual Passover Lamb of God will be broadened to apply to all of Israel and to all of humanity on the Fast of Atonement, which is a Fall Festival study in “The Festivals of God: From Pentecost to Purim.”

Later at Sinai after the exodus God commanded that the Passover lamb must be sacrificed before the LORD. This was easy in the wilderness because the Tabernacle of God was with the people, but later when the promised land was divided among the people the Passover was to be sacrificed at the central location of the Tabernacle and later still at the Temple.

Deuteronomy 16:5 Thou mayest not sacrifice the passover within any of thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee: 16:6 But at the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt.

This command that the Passover may only be killed and eaten at the Tabernacle or Temple, brought Israel from all their cities and towns to a central location to appear before God for the Passover. This was an allegory that we must come to God [an act of obedience], and that we must live by every Word of God and keep God’s commanded Passover to have the atoning sacrifice of the Lamb of God applied to us.

This commandment brought a problem because the temple was destroyed about 70 A.D. and today the Passover cannot be sacrificed. From 70 A.D. to this day no sacrifices have taken place because of the lack of a Temple at which to make the sacrifices.

When Messiah the Christ comes He will build the third physical Temple and reinstitute the sacrifices (Ezekiel 40-48). Then physical sacrifices will again be made including Passover lambs for those at Jerusalem.

Jesus knew that this would happen and that his people would be scattered and so emphasized the Unleavened Bread and Wine at his last Passover in the flesh.

The Bitter Herbs

Fresh grated horseradish, romaine lettuce, and endive are the most commonly used bitter herbs. The bitter herbs are a reminder of the bitterness of the bondage of Israel in Egypt as a type of the bitterness of bondage to sin.

They are also reminiscent of the bitterness of the crucifixion of the Lamb of God who died to deliver us from spiritual bondage to sin and the god-king of this world Satan.

The dish of bitter herbs was the dish that Christ was referring to when he said that his betrayer would dip in his dish. That betrayal itself, although necessary to fulfil the scriptures must have been very bitter to Christ.

The Unleavened Bread

From the beginning the Unleavened Bread was to be eaten with the Passover lamb.

Leaven puffs up and swells the thing it is mixed into, and as such is an example of pride which is the root of all sin.

Pride causes us to have a swelled or inflated opinion of ourselves and we then become wise in our own eyes. Then being full of ourselves we decide what is right and wrong for ourselves instead of living by every Word of God.

We choose to do what we think right and to do whatever we want; and then reject faithful zealous obedience to live by every Word of God.

That is rebellion against God our Father, and it is rebellion against the wisdom of the God who loves us and it is rejection of the way of life, to take the path to destruction, just as surely as a child who insists on playing on a busy street is in rebellion against his parents instructions.

Because leaven puffs up, it is an allegory of pride, stubborn self-will and inflated egos. Therefore all Bread representative of the perfect sinless nature of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ, is to be Unleavened and free from any taint of leaven.

Matthew 16:12 Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.

Because in their pride [represented by leaven] they taught their own ways and teachings of their own devising, instead of being faithful to the whole Word of God

Matthew 15:9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.

No leavened bread may be eaten with the Passover or burned on the altar or eaten for the complete seven days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

Deuteronomy 16:2 Thou shalt therefore sacrifice the passover unto the LORD thy God, of the flock and the herd, in the place which the LORD shall choose to place his name there. 16:3 Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; [with the Passover]

[and during the Feast of Unleavened Bread] seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction; for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life.

Leaven represents pride the root of self will and sin, therefore its opposite being unleavened and free from any sin or even taint of sin.

The Son of God was perfect and free from all sin, therefore only Unleavened Bread is a fit representation of him. The KJV “meat” offering to accompany sacrifices, was an offering of unleavened bread, and unleavened bread was commanded to be eaten with the lamb and bitter herbs at Passover.

The Passover Wine

A drink offering, which is an offering of wine, was to be poured out with all sacrifices. This poured out wine as representative of the blood of Messiah being poured out in sacrifice for humanity.

The Passover Meaning

The Mosaic Covenant Passover was a physical lamb being killed and;

1. The blood being placed on the doorposts saving the called out from bondage in Egypt from the destroyer, picturing the blood sacrifice of Messiah covering and saving those God has called out of bondage to sin

2. The eating of the lamb pictures the internalizing of the true Lamb of God and becoming one with God through living by every Word of God

3. The bitter herbs pictured the bitterness of bondage in physical Egypt and the bitterness of bondage to sin

4. The unleavened bread pictures the body of the Bread of Life, Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God, which was broken for us that we might be delivered and healed from our sins; and since we can no longer sacrifice and eat a physical lamb, the unleavened bread takes its place as an example of eating [internalizing] the nature of God and the Word of God.

5. The wine drunk at Passover is a memorial of the death of the Lamb of God

6. Following the commandments of scripture and the example of Jesus Christ, the New Covenant sacraments of unleavened bread and wine are to be taken once a year on Passover day.

The Unleavened Bread and Wine sacraments are symbols to be taken annually on Passover in remembrance of the Passover sacrifice of the Lamb of God for humanity.

Those who think that they become the literal flesh and blood of Christ are far too superstitious and condemn themselves, as eaters of blood which is absolutely forbidden by God (Gen 9:4, Lev 3:17, Lev 7:26-27, Lev 17:10-14, Deu 12:16, Deu 12:23, Deu 15:23).

Do we have our anniversary every day or week, or once a year on the date of our marriage? Do we celebrate our national holidays every day, or do we observe them annually on the date of events?

Even so we are commanded by God to observe the ordinance of Passover once a year on the anniversary of the Passover in Egypt and in remembrance of the Passover sacrifice of Messiah the Lamb of God!

Unleavened Bread Recipe

The Passover lamb is well known and will be covered elsewhere. We cannot sacrifice the Passover lamb today because there is no Temple in this dispensation.  All sacrifices MUST be sacrificed at the Temple by God’s command.

The wine representing blood, should be red, of a good quality and with as few added chemicals as possible. In my own opinion most wines available today are chemically treated and unfit. Be careful in your choice.  A  Vegan, or a well made, home made wine; is most suitable for Passover.

Remembering that these symbols represent our beloved espoused Husband and his love and sacrifice for us; it is important that the finest possible symbols be used. As the lamb was to be without blemish, reflecting the perfection of the Lamb of God, so the Unleavened Bread should be of the finest quality reflecting our Lord as the Bread of Life.

Matzoth are made with nutrient removed milled flour, that many of us would not normally think of giving to our families as white bread because of its valueless and even toxic nature; also Matzoth is made without salt or oil, and then blessed by a Christ rejecting Rabbi.

Is commercial Matzoth really the perfect representation of the Lamb of God, the Bread of Life?

All Unleavened Bread for purposes of Passover and the Feast should be made from stone ground whole wheat flour, or barley flour, or the best whole wheat flour available, organic preferred.  Gluten free flour is acceptable if necessary.

All bread made for any “Meat” offering is to be made without leaven; which is a type of  pride and sin, and the deciding for ourselves what is right and wrong.

All unleavened bread for Passover and the Feast is to be made with the oil, symbolic of the Holy Spirit of God which filled our Lord.

All Unleavened Bread Passover and the Feast is to be seasoned with salt, Lev 2:13.

No white flour with most of the nutrients removed could ever be an acceptable symbol for the Bread of Life. The modern process of milling flour and removing its nutrients and bran has been around for only about 150 years.

Why stone ground flour? When flour is milled the heat generated destroys virtually all nutrients; the germ and bran are then removed by sifting, since these parts are much larger than the white starch when milled. 

Milled flour which is called whole wheat flour, simply has these ingredients added back into the flour. If you try to sift such flour you will find that the bran will not pass through your sifter. While this type of milled flour is called whole wheat, many of it’s nutrients have been damaged during this process.

When flour is stone ground, all parts of the grain are ground down into the SAME SIZE, meaning that it can be sifted. Nothing is removed and then added back, so that the proper proportion of all nutrients remains, just as God intended. No damage is done by heat  to the nutrients and the bran and germ being ground down into a fine uniform size, makes the cooked item easier to digest.

The Bread of Life should always be made of stone ground whole wheat flour; seasoned with pure olive oil Lev 23:13 and salt Lev 2:13. This Unleavened Bread should be made without leaven of any kind.

The term LEAVEN, refers to any YEAST.  It also refers to artificial yeast substitutes such as BAKING POWDER, which were invented to replace yeasts.

Baking Soda is NOT a leavening agent: UNTIL it is mixed with moisture and an acid.  However soda is commonly mixed with acid and used as a leavening agent, and boxes of pure soda should be removed from the home. If soda is already in toothpaste or some other product, for a different purpose other than as a leavening agent, the product is NOT leavened and need not be removed.

While eggs are not a leavening agent in themselves; to beat them purposely to deliberately incorporate air so that they act as a leavening agent, puffing up the product being cooked, is definitely wrong. It breaks the spirit of the law and amounts to trying to get as close as possible to breaking the commandment, while technically keeping the letter of the law.

To guarantee the fitness of the Unleavened Bread as a symbol of our Lord, stone ground whole wheat flour should be secured and the unleavened bread should be made at home. In many cases Health Stores may carry wheat kernels and will stone grind it for you fresh on the premises.

 

UNLEAVENED BREAD RECIPE

Take 1 to 1 1.2 cups of stone ground whole wheat flour; gluten free flour is acceptable for those with gluten allergies.  I personally use organic stone ground whole wheat flour for this purpose. 

Add about 1/4 cup of extra virgin olive oil [symbolic of God’s Spirit] and salt [as a symbol of passionate zeal for godliness] to taste.  Try and find salt without anti caking agents or other impurities.

Then add cold pure water until you have a dough like a pie dough.

Roll it out like a thin pie crust and bake at about 375 degrees for ten or twelve minutes until done. Make in different size pieces as it suites you and experiment a few times to adjust the salt, oil etc to your liking.

If you have not done this before, do not leave it until the last minute. Try it out and practice before hand until you get a result you like.  

Yemeni Unleavened Bread

The Jews of yemen make their own style of unleavened bread which takes the above ingredients and adds more water to make a mixture of about pancake batter consistency which is then fried just like pancakes are made.

You will find this unleavened bread recipe a pleasant change from the commercial unleavened bread, and this kind of bread is a truly fitting representation of our Lord to be used with the Passover and through the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

To be faithful in little, is to be faithful in much. One cannot use an inappropriate symbol to represent something Holy! 

 

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